What is Arthroscopic Surgery - orthopedic treatment in India

Arthroscopy is a surgery that is performed to diagnose and treat joint problems. In this surgery, an arthroscopic surgeon uses a small tube with a small fibre optic video camera attached to it and inserts it through a tiny intersection. The hole is as small as a buttonhole on a shirt. 


With the help of that small camera, the video of the inside of the joint can be seen. This video can be viewed enlarged on a high-definition video monitor. Arthroscopy surgery helps a surgeon to visualise the interior of the joint without making any large incisions. 


Any problem related to joints can be treated with this arthroscopic surgery. In this arthroscopic surgery, a surgeon inserts a pencil-thin surgical instrument to diagnose and repair any joint problems through a tiny incision. 

What is Arthroscopic Surgery?

Arthroscopic surgery is a surgery that allows the arthroscopic surgeon to see the problems inside the joint. As a result, there are many advantages in treating the problems inside the joint. Arthroscopy is a combination of two Greek words. 


The first word “Arthro” means “joint” and the second word “open” means “to look”. So the word “arthroscopic” literally means “to look within the joint”. The surgeon who does the arthroscopic surgery is called an Orthopaedic. Arthroscopic Surgery is one type of orthopaedic surgery. 


Arthroscopic instruments are small and narrow like pencils. At first, the orthopaedic surgeon creates a tiny intersection in the patient body. Then he tries to insert the pencil-thin medical instruments through the small incision. The instrument has a little lens and lighting system. 


Through this instrument system, the surgeon elevates and enlightens the formation inside the joint. The image inside the joint is transmitted through a high-definition monitor. A light is sent through the arthroscope that is inserted into the joint. 


This light is dispatched through a fibre optic attached to the end of the arthroscope. The orthoscope contains a very small camera that allows a sergeant to see the structures of the joint on a large monitor. Now technology is so advanced that we don’t need big incisions to see all these insides’ formation. 


This tiny pencil-thin instrument is called an “arthroscope”. The small camera embedded in the arthroscope projects the contents of the joint onto a large monitor. As a result, a surgeon can inspect the internal components very well and pinpoint any problems in joints. 


Through this arthroscopy, the surgeon can examine the ligaments, kneecaps, cartilage, muscles, and tendons. He can go through the structures amply and determine the injuries and then if needed they will take care of and cure the problems. 


What is the reason behind arthroscopic Surgery?

There are two main reasons why doctors recommend arthroscopy. 

For Diagnosis

Generally, doctors ask for arthroscopy to get accurate diagnosis results. Sometimes even after an X-ray in case of a sensitive area, the correct result of diagnosis does not come. Sometimes even after diagnosis, many questions remain unanswered. 

Sometimes doctors recommend arthroscopy for diagnosis so that they can better locate the problematic area and treat it accurately. Common areas where arthroscopy is performed are: 

  1. Elbow
  2. Wrist
  3. Ankle
  4. Shoulder
  5. Hip
  6. Knee

For Surgery 

Arthroscopy is sometimes used to perform certain surgery :

  1. Scarring within joints
  2. Torn cartilage
  3. Torn ligament
  4. Loose bone fragments
  5. Inflamed joint linings

How to prepare for Arthroscopy?

You need to prepare according to which joint of your body will be repaired through arthroscopy. 


  • Before the arthroscopic procedure, the doctor will not allow you to meditate or follow any diet chart. Because if these are done then the chance of bleeding during arthroscopy is greatly increased.
  • Before the arthroscopy, you should try on clothes that are comfortable to wear. So that it is very convenient to take off and put on clothes before and after arthroscopy. You should try baggy clothes for better comfortness. 
  • Many times, the doctor prohibits heavy meals for 8 hours before the arthroscopic procedure. 
  • It is wise to leave your expensive jewellery or watches or any valuable things at home as the doctor will not allow these things to be worn during the arthroscopy.
  • When coming for arthroscopic surgery you should bring someone with you to drive you home. Because the doctor never allowed you to drive after the surgery. Especially if you have knee surgery. 
  • Before arthroscopic surgery, the doctor will give you some soapy sponges to clean your joint areas.


What happens during arthroscopic surgery?

What is Arthroscopic Surgery - orthopedic treatment in India

First of all, arthroscopic surgery may be in a hospital or an operating theatre. And then the doctor will give you anaesthesia for your joint area and your joint problem. There are different types of anaesthesia and they are discussed, in the following:

  • General anaesthesia: 

If the operation is for a long time, then the doctor will keep you unconscious for a long time. And that’s why the doctor will give you general anaesthesia through your vein and you will be asleep during the operation.

  • Local anaesthesia:

Local anaesthesia does not completely induce unconsciousness and keeps the patient awake during surgery. Local anaesthesia is used only to numb the area where the surgery will be performed. The doctor will inject anaesthesia into the particular area with an injection and the area will become numb. 

As the patient will be awake, during the arthroscopy the patient will feel some pressure in the joint area or can feel the movement of an object.

  • Regional anaesthesia:

In regional anaesthesia, the lower half of the patient will be numb and the upper half will be awake. In this case of regional anaesthesia, a small needle will be kept between the two spine lumbar vertebrae of the body and the anaesthesia will be delivered through it. 

The contact details of the best surgeon in Orthopaedic surgery

Name of the doctor: Dr Gaurav Gupta

The contact number of the doctor: +919674194161

The address details of the doctor: Fortis Hospital, Anandapur, Kolkata



Arthroscopic surgery is essential for any type of joint problem and surgery. A reputed and certified doctor should be consulted before doing arthroscopic surgery. This article will help a lot to know about arthroscopy completely and to understand well what it is all about. 



Q. What does arthroscopic surgery do?

A. Looking for a safe and effective solution for joint problems? Consider arthroscopic surgery! This minimally invasive procedure involves inserting a small camera and specialized tools into the joint through a small incision, allowing orthopaedic surgeons to diagnose and treat injuries, inflammation, and osteoarthritis. Say goodbye to pain and hello to a speedy recovery with arthroscopic surgery.

Q. What does arthroscopic surgery do?

A. Is joint pain or a sports injury keeping you from living your best life? Don’t let it! Arthroscopy might be the answer you’re looking for. This minimally invasive procedure is ideal for treating conditions like osteoarthritis or torn cartilage that haven’t responded to other treatments. Consult an orthopaedic surgeon to see if arthroscopy is right for you and get back to doing the things you love!


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