Do you know what IVF is / what is in vitro fertilization? In vitro fertilization, or IVF, is a medical process that belongs to fertilization. IVF is an artificial process to get pregnant for those unable to conceive through natural unprotected sex. 

In vitro fertilization treatment is very good for those who are concerned about their future baby or want a healthy baby. IVF also has some risks, but it can be the reason to smile for someone new in this world. 

Globally, millions of infertile people take this in vitro fertilization treatment to conceive due to some physical reasons. IVF is a part of fertilization treatment. The children who take their birth due to this process are healthy and other kids. But they have some risks in the first year of their life. 

So if you want to know about this in detail, then you are at the right place. We will help you to see everything about what is IVF / what is in vitro fertilization.

What is infertility? Or the Treatment of Infertility

Before knowing the infertility treatment, we must understand what infertility is. And what is the reason behind it? So if a woman cannot get pregnant after long unprotected sex, it’s called infertility. It is a disease that can affect men and women in their reproductive systems.

When a female body fails to conceive after sexual activities, then she might have this disease. According to many surveys, millions of people get infertility, and they face it. Not only females but also males can get affected by this disease. 

When a female body gets older, her capability of holding a child in her womb gets less. After age 35, the quality of eggs in a female body becomes worse. Apart from that, when a woman is in her teenage years, she has many eggs, but after she gets old, only a few eggs will be left on her body. 

This was the primary reason for women’s infertility. However, men can also get affected by this disease because men’s fertility is the low quality of the sperm. Abnormal sperm and the delay in delivering sperm can be a reason also.  

The treatment of infertility enhances the chances of conceiving a lot. The whole infertility treatment procedure mostly tries to fix the imbalance of hormonal function. Sometimes with the help of surgery or sometimes with medicines.

Infertility treatment has only three ways those are 1. Medicine 2. IUI, including intrauterine insemination, IVF, or in vitro fertilization; and 3. Surgery. In most infertility cases, the doctor uses medicine, IUI, and IVF to cure the patients. But very few are exceptions, so they need surgery. 

What is IVF or What is In Vitro Fertilization


What is in vitro fertilization / IVF treatment?

When a woman’s body is enabled to conceive with long unprotected sex, IVF, also known as in vitro fertilization, is a treatment procedure that helps her get pregnant. In vitro fertilization mainly helps to combine egg and sperm.

IVF helps women to get pregnant artificially. Calling it artificial is wrong, but also it is not a human process. The process of in vitro fertilization is taking an egg from the woman’s body and sperm from the male body, the doctor combines them in the laboratory, and then again they input that solution in the women’s ovaries which helps the woman to get pregnant. 

IVF or in vitro fertilization treatment is not a painful process, but sometimes it can also be complicated, which is rare. It is a helpful treatment that has made a lot of married couples happy and smile.


What is IVF pregnancy?

When a woman can get pregnant naturally or if she has infertility diseases, IVF or in vitro fertilization is a medical process that helps her get pregnant. In the laboratory, the doctor makes a solution of a human egg and sperm and implants it in a woman’s ovary, which allows her to conceive. 

The in vitro fertilized babies are normal as other babies. Worldwide, millions of babies are birth with the help of IVF. In vitro fertilization is similar to a normal pregnancy; the only difference is at the beginning. Otherwise, every step is the same. 

The only disadvantage of IVF is that the baby has a 45% chance of dying in the first year after birth. After birth, they need to be in a highly monitored area, and they need special care to survive. After a year, everything will be normal with the baby. 

According to experts, women who are in their 20s or 30s have the highest chances of a successful In vitro fertilization baby. The IVF babies are healthy as normal babies, so there is no tension. But apart from this, IVF pregnancy has a lot of risks.


How does IVF work?

IVF, or in vitro fertilization, passes through so many necessary stages. If one step goes wrong in this whole procedure, the total result can be imbalanced, which can harm the baby and the mother. It will be a risky life matter. 

IVF Treatment Process - IVF Procedure

Firstly the egg will be taken from a woman’s body and sperm from a male body; then, the doctor will form it in the laboratory with all their medical processes. It may take almost three full weeks to make the solution suitable for the mother. After that time, the answer will be implanted in the female body or the ovary. 

The female reproductive system takes some time to accept that combination of the egg and the sperm, but after a few days, it starts processing the whole variety. It takes almost two weeks to get all those pregnancy-related symptoms. After that, all things go normal as a normal pregnancy. 

Sometimes extra sperm gets wasted, so in this case, the doctors try to save them, and they freeze the other sperm in the fridge for future use; it can also be used after one year. In most cases, the new sperms get restored for future use. 

After giving birth, the baby needs exceptional care by the doctors and nurses as it has a 45% chance of dying. In in vitro fertilization, babies are normal as other babies, but in the first year after birth, it is difficult for them to survive. 


How much does IVF cost?

The cost of IVF or in vitro fertilization depends on which country you are located in. Mostly the cheapest IVF treatment is available in Ukraine and Poland. Apart from that, in India, in vitro fertilization costs around 1 lakh 50 thousand to 2 lakh; it also depends on what is the exact thing that the patient needs. 

Moreover, investing money in this treatment will be a good choice if you want a baby. Apart from that, In vitro fertilization treatment also has some risks, but it can be helpful as well.


What happens after Embryo Transfer day by day?

After implantation of that solution made in the laboratory by the doctors, the uterus tries to accept the sperm and eggs together. After three weeks of transferring that solution, the everyday pregnancy things start. Approximately almost after two weeks after transferring, the pregnancy symptoms will start.

Firstly, the blastodermic vesicle will brew on the ovary and leave its shell. It covers the blastoderm vesicle until it develops into the uterus and gets attached and protected by the uterus. 

embryo transfer - what happens after embryo transfer day by day
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And the cell starts growing up. Through the whole process of implantation, the cells become a fetus daily. During this period, the woman starts getting all the pregnancy symptoms. HCG hormone, also known as Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone, helps the most in this procedure.

After this, all these things get normal, and typical pregnancy symptoms will start. Apart from this, as we know, in vitro fertilization is an excellent process to conceive when you cannot do that, but it also has some risks, like IVF can cause cancer. Not everyone but a few cases is more critical.


How long does IVF take?

After the implantation of that solution of egg and sperm, it takes around three weeks to conceive for a woman. Apart from that, it also depends on the condition of the ovary and embryos of the female body. Three weeks is the average period to get pregnant after IVF treatment.

During this time, the woman’s body needs bed rest which ultimately helps to grow the baby cell in her womb. After that period, the baby cell will start to grow, and then time after time, it will be a healthy baby. However, special care of the mother is also required in IVF pregnancy for a healthy child and safe birth. 


What is fertility treatment?

The fertility treatment is for some infertility women who cannot conceive naturally or through long unprotected sex. Fertility treatment is a natural hormone that helps the female reproductive system work properly and become more active.

In the whole fertility treatment progress, doctors try to increase the FSH, follicle-stimulating hormone, and LH (luteinizing hormone). These are the most important reproductive hormones. 

The stimulating follicle hormone mainly helps to improve the menstruation cycle of the female body, and LH or luteinizing hormone benefits the capability of sexual activities, etc.; these are the female body’s reproductive hormones that allow them in pregnancy. 

The main motive of fertilization is increasing these hormones in the female body. Fertilization treatment has three different ways, but IVF or in vitro fertilization is one of the best and the most famous ways to get pregnant artificially.



IVF, or in vitro fertilization, is an artificial process that helps the human body to get pregnant. It is a good treatment for those who are not able to get pregnant in natural ways. But it is Ricky as well. But if you are curious about this topic in detail, we hope this article will help you.

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