Orthopaedic Surgery - What is Orthopaedic - Surgery - orthopedic treatment in india

Orthopaedic Surgery is a type of medical Surgery that one orthopaedist performs to treat any injury or disease of the musculoskeletal system. The parts of the musculoskeletal system are bones, muscles, joints, tendons, and ligaments. 


Sometimes problems occur in all these areas from birth. Sometimes all these places get hurt due to carelessness. It is essential to visit and consult an Orthopaedic specialist to treat these injuries. An orthopaedist will help diagnose, rehabilitate, and treat musculoskeletal injuries. 


Orthopaedists are those who are specialists in Orthopaedics. They will do surgeries or give non-surgical advice for treating musculoskeletal injuries like joint pain, back pain, ligament problems, tendon problems, sports injuries, etc. 

What is Orthopaedic Surgery?

Orthopaedic Surgery is a surgery that is needed for the treatment of musculoskeletal system issues. Surgery can be done for any muscle injury paired with soft tissues like nerves, muscles, ligaments, and tendons.  

Best Orthopaedic Doctor in Kolkata - Orthopaedic Surgery

Most orthopaedists suggest Orthopaedic Surgery for the chronic arthritic, worn-out condition of joints and bones, intense connate, and obtained disorder of muscle. Some Orthopaedics has some speciality in some local areas for Orthopaedic Surgery, including:

  • Rheumatoid Surgery
  • Spine (Neurosurgery)
  • Joint reconstruction
  • Bone Tumour Surgery
  • Complex Trauma Surgery
  • Sport Surgery
  • Particular Anatomical Region 


Sometimes when emergency trauma is conducted with soft tissues and bone, professional sergeants also have to work with general surgeons. The patient has to be admitted to the local A & E Department. 


As the children’s bones continue to grow, the work of pediatric Orthopaedics is a little different from the adult Orthopaedic surgeon. Paediatricians’ Orthopaedics also focus on proper bone growth in children and correcting malformed bones. 


What is the reason behind Orthopaedic Surgery? 

The main reason to do Orthopaedic Surgery is to get relief from musculoskeletal pain. Orthopaedic surgeons treat body muscles, bones, ligaments, and tendon issues. They can also treat joint pains of the body and broken bones. They also make diagnoses. 


An Orthopedist is an expert and specialist in treating musculoskeletal pains. They are made specialists with advanced training. They know the diagnosis and any muscle issues. They can cure any muscle disease either by Surgery or without Surgery. 


Here is a list of some of the surgeries performed by Orthopaedic surgeons:

  • Bone fractures 
  • Neck pain
  • Joint pain from arthritic
  • Bursitis ( shoulder pain)
  • Bone cancer
  • Sprains, meniscus tears, tendinitis, anterior cruciate ligament tears 
  • Soft tissues injuries ( muscles, ligaments, tendons)
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome 
  • Club foot
  • Scoliosis 
  • Osteoporosis
  • Limb lengthening
  • Bow leg
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Bunions and foot and ankle injuries
  • Orthopaedic trauma 
  • Bone Tumours
  • Ruptured discs and spinal stenosis 
  • Hand arthritis and hand injuries 
  • Sports injuries


How to choose an Orthopaedic surgeon?

Choosing the right Orthopaedic surgeon is an important decision. It is essential to know whether the sergeant will be suitable or not to cure the disease, and it is very important to know if the sergeant being approached is a licensed and certified professional sergeant.

Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Kolkata

Check the following things before going:

  • The sergeant must have completed his graduation from a recognized medical school.
  • The sergeant will have sufficient experience and professional training to perform the Surgery.
  • The sergeant will have a complete residency in Orthopaedic Surgery.
  • Sergeant’s professional certificate from a reputed medical school.
  • To become a sergeant, he will do as much medical training as is necessary. 
  • He will have adequate knowledge of patient benefits and safety. 


What does an Orthopaedic surgeon do after making an appointment?

After an appointment, a sergeant will check the body by performing various tests. He can do full-body X-rays and has many physical difficulties. He will then make a diagnosis based on the patient’s symptoms. Sometimes, if necessary, the sergeant can also conduct in-office tests.



How a sergeant performs the diagnosis process:

  • First, the sergeant will ask the patient about his symptoms.
  • The sergeant will check all the past medical reports of his patient and collect various information from there and also think about the condition of the patient’s whole body.
  • Then he will give the patient various physical tests.
  • Then he will see the X-ray report of the patient and check the patient thoroughly. 


Here are many types of advanced diagnostic tests that one Orthopaedic surgeon can ask for: 

  • A CT Scan
  • Nerve conduction studies
  • An MRI Scan 
  • A Bone Scan
  • Blood test
  • An ultrasound


In-office Tests

Many Orthopaedics often recommend in-office procedures for greater certainty in diagnosing and treating musculoskeletal issues. X-rays are the usual and broadly available diagnosis techniques. An Orthopaedic surgeon can perform X-rays in-office operations. 


X-rays allow the surgeon to understand the current diagnosis of the patient better. If necessary, the sergeant can give injections to the patient, including corticosteroid injections, to redeem inflammation. Sometimes surgeons can also ask to do ultrasound scans. 


Fractures and dislocations may require the Orthopaedic surgeon to move the bone from side to side. And then, to paralyze the legs, the surgeon can use a cast, brace, or splint. 


Required Treatments

To fix chronic musculoskeletal issues, the Orthopaedic surgeon can recommend some types of treatments, the following:

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical therapy
  • Injection
  • Mobility aids
  • Home exercise
  • Acupuncture
  • Surgery ( if the non-surgical treatments fail)
  • Anti-inflammatory medications 


Various types of Orthopaedic practice 

An Orthopedist can specialize in any one particular type of Orthopaedic medicine. Such Orthopaedic specialities are: 

  • Pediatric Orthopaedic 
  • Spine surgery
  • Joint replacement surgery
  • Foot and ankle Surgery or podiatry
  • Trauma Surgery
  • Hand and upper extremities
  • Tumour and cancer care or oncology
  • Sport medicine 


Education qualification 

One should follow the below-mentioned steps to become a successful Orthopaedic surgeon:-

  • First, the person needs to accomplish an undergraduate college degree. 
  • Then the person should earn the degree of graduation in Doctor of Medicine or Doctor of Osteopathy from an authorized medical school.
  • Then they should accomplish the training in an Orthopaedic residency program which continues for five years from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.
  • Then the person will acquire a valid medical license.
  • Following the steps mentioned earlier, the person must have completed the required education and exams to carry a valid and current certificate.

So while appointing a Surgeon, make sure the doctor is qualified for the above-given qualifications.


The contact details of the best surgeon of orthopaedic surgery

Name of the doctor: Dr Gaurav Gupta

The contact number of the doctor: +919674194161

The address details of the doctor: Fortis Hospital, Anandapur, Kolkata



An orthopedist must be consulted to fix musculoskeletal system problems because bones, muscles, tendons, joints, and ligaments are essential parts of our body. An Orthopaedic can cure any musculoskeletal issues. You can make an appointment with Dr Gupta if you have such problems.  


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